java - 持久化 sha256 哈希对象?

原文 标签 java python c++ c hash

我需要一个 Python/C/C++/Java 实现,它可以 暂停哈希进程 店铺 文件中的进度为 可恢复在稍后阶段从该文件。

无论它是用上面列出的哪种语言编写的,它都应该在 Python 中正常工作。建议您可以提供它以与“hashlib”一起工作,但这不是必需的。此外,如果这样的东西已经存在,一个链接就足够了。

一个想法 ,你的实现应该实现什么。

import hashlib
import hashpersist #THIS IS NEEDED.

sha256 = hashlib.sha256("Hello ")
hashpersist.save_state(sha256, open('test_file', 'w'))

sha256_recovered = hashpersist.load_state(open('test_file', 'r'))
sha256_recovered.update("World")
print sha256_recovered.hexdigest()

这应该提供与我们使用标准 sha256 函数对“Hello World”进行简单散列的输出相同的输出。
a591a6d40bf420404a011733cfb7b190d62c65bf0bcda32b57b277d9ad9f146e

最佳答案

事实证明,将 hashlib 重写为可恢复的,至少是 SHA-256 部分,比我想象的要容易。我花了一些时间玩使用 OpenSSL 加密库的 C 代码,但后来我意识到我不需要所有这些东西,我可以只使用 ctypes。

rehash.py

#! /usr/bin/env python

''' A resumable implementation of SHA-256 using ctypes with the OpenSSL crypto library

    Written by PM 2Ring 2014.11.13
'''

from ctypes import *

SHA_LBLOCK = 16
SHA256_DIGEST_LENGTH = 32

class SHA256_CTX(Structure):
    _fields_ = [
        ("h", c_long * 8),
        ("Nl", c_long),
        ("Nh", c_long),
        ("data", c_long * SHA_LBLOCK),
        ("num", c_uint),
        ("md_len", c_uint)
    ]

HashBuffType = c_ubyte * SHA256_DIGEST_LENGTH

#crypto = cdll.LoadLibrary("libcrypto.so")
crypto = cdll.LoadLibrary("libeay32.dll" if os.name == "nt" else "libssl.so")

class sha256(object):
    digest_size = SHA256_DIGEST_LENGTH

    def __init__(self, datastr=None):
        self.ctx = SHA256_CTX()
        crypto.SHA256_Init(byref(self.ctx))
        if datastr:
            self.update(datastr)

    def update(self, datastr):
        crypto.SHA256_Update(byref(self.ctx), datastr, c_int(len(datastr)))

    #Clone the current context
    def _copy_ctx(self):
        ctx = SHA256_CTX()
        pointer(ctx)[0] = self.ctx
        return ctx

    def copy(self):
        other = sha256()
        other.ctx = self._copy_ctx()
        return other

    def digest(self):
        #Preserve context in case we get called before hashing is
        # really finished, since SHA256_Final() clears the SHA256_CTX
        ctx = self._copy_ctx()
        hashbuff = HashBuffType()
        crypto.SHA256_Final(hashbuff, byref(self.ctx))
        self.ctx = ctx
        return str(bytearray(hashbuff))

    def hexdigest(self):
        return self.digest().encode('hex')

#Tests
def main():
    import cPickle
    import hashlib

    data = ("Nobody expects ", "the spammish ", "imposition!")

    print "rehash\n"

    shaA = sha256(''.join(data))
    print shaA.hexdigest()
    print repr(shaA.digest())
    print "digest size =", shaA.digest_size
    print

    shaB = sha256()
    shaB.update(data[0])
    print shaB.hexdigest()

    #Test pickling
    sha_pickle = cPickle.dumps(shaB, -1)
    print "Pickle length:", len(sha_pickle)
    shaC = cPickle.loads(sha_pickle)

    shaC.update(data[1])
    print shaC.hexdigest()

    #Test copying. Note that copy can be pickled
    shaD = shaC.copy()

    shaC.update(data[2])
    print shaC.hexdigest()


    #Verify against hashlib.sha256()
    print "\nhashlib\n"

    shaD = hashlib.sha256(''.join(data))
    print shaD.hexdigest()
    print repr(shaD.digest())
    print "digest size =", shaD.digest_size
    print

    shaE = hashlib.sha256(data[0])
    print shaE.hexdigest()

    shaE.update(data[1])
    print shaE.hexdigest()

    #Test copying. Note that hashlib copy can NOT be pickled
    shaF = shaE.copy()
    shaF.update(data[2])
    print shaF.hexdigest()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()

resumable_SHA-256.py
#! /usr/bin/env python

''' Resumable SHA-256 hash for large files using the OpenSSL crypto library

    The hashing process may be interrupted by Control-C (SIGINT) or SIGTERM.
    When a signal is received, hashing continues until the end of the
    current chunk, then the current file position, total file size, and
    the sha object is saved to a file. The name of this file is formed by
    appending '.hash' to the name of the file being hashed.

    Just re-run the program to resume hashing. The '.hash' file will be deleted
    once hashing is completed.

    Written by PM 2Ring 2014.11.14
'''

import cPickle as pickle
import os
import signal
import sys

import rehash

quit = False

blocksize = 1<<16   # 64kB
blocksperchunk = 1<<8

chunksize = blocksize * blocksperchunk

def handler(signum, frame):
    global quit
    print "\nGot signal %d, cleaning up." % signum
    quit = True


def do_hash(fname, filesize):
    hashname = fname + '.hash'
    if os.path.exists(hashname):
        with open(hashname, 'rb') as f:
            pos, fsize, sha = pickle.load(f)
        if fsize != filesize:
            print "Error: file size of '%s' doesn't match size recorded in '%s'" % (fname, hashname)
            print "%d != %d. Aborting" % (fsize, filesize)
            exit(1)
    else:
        pos, fsize, sha = 0, filesize, rehash.sha256()

    finished = False
    with open(fname, 'rb') as f:
        f.seek(pos)
        while not (quit or finished):
            for _ in xrange(blocksperchunk):
                block = f.read(blocksize)
                if block == '':
                    finished = True
                    break
                sha.update(block)

            pos += chunksize
            sys.stderr.write(" %6.2f%% of %d\r" % (100.0 * pos / fsize, fsize))
            if finished or quit:
                break

    if quit:
        with open(hashname, 'wb') as f:
            pickle.dump((pos, fsize, sha), f, -1)
    elif os.path.exists(hashname):
        os.remove(hashname)

    return (not quit), pos, sha.hexdigest()


def main():
    if len(sys.argv) != 2:
        print "Resumable SHA-256 hash of a file."
        print "Usage:\npython %s filename\n" % sys.argv[0]
        exit(1)

    fname = sys.argv[1]
    filesize = os.path.getsize(fname)

    signal.signal(signal.SIGINT, handler)
    signal.signal(signal.SIGTERM, handler)

    finished, pos, hexdigest = do_hash(fname, filesize)
    if finished:
        print "%s  %s" % (hexdigest, fname)
    else:
        print "sha-256 hash of '%s' incomplete" % fname
        print "%s" % hexdigest
        print "%d / %d bytes processed." % (pos, filesize)


if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()

演示
import rehash
import pickle
sha=rehash.sha256("Hello ")
s=pickle.dumps(sha.ctx)
sha=rehash.sha256()
sha.ctx=pickle.loads(s)
sha.update("World")
print sha.hexdigest()

输出
a591a6d40bf420404a011733cfb7b190d62c65bf0bcda32b57b277d9ad9f146e

编辑

我刚刚做了一个小的编辑以允许 rehash也可以在 Windows 上工作,虽然我只在 WinXP 上测试过它。 libeay32.dll可以在当前目录,也可以在系统库搜索路径的某处,例如WINDOWS\system32 .尽管 OpenOffice 和 Avira 使用了 .dll,但我相当古老(并且大部分未使用)的 XP 安装找不到 .dll。所以我只是将它从 Avira 文件夹复制到 system32。现在它完美无缺。 :)

关于java - 持久化 sha256 哈希对象?,我们在Stack Overflow上找到一个类似的问题: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/26838194/

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