android - 具有视图动态的GridLayout获取行/列

我只是遵循此tutorial,以创建自定义View作为GridLayout的项。

那是我的CustomView

public class RowView extends View{

boolean touchOn;
boolean mDownTouch = false;
private OnToggledListener toggledListener;
int _IdRow = 0;
int _IdColumn = 0;

public RowView(Context context, int Rows, int Columns) {
    super(context);
    this._IdRow = Rows;
    this._IdColumn = Columns;
    init();
}

public RowView(Context context) {
    super(context);
    init();
}

public RowView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
    super(context, attrs);
    init();
}

public RowView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr) {
    super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr);
    init();
}

private void init() {
    touchOn = false;
}

@Override
protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
    setMeasuredDimension(MeasureSpec.getSize(widthMeasureSpec),
            MeasureSpec.getSize(heightMeasureSpec));
}

@Override
protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) {
    if (touchOn) {
        canvas.drawColor(Color.RED);
    } else {
        canvas.drawColor(Color.GRAY);
    }
}
//onClick not possible to use on custom View so, onTouchEvent is the solution
@Override
public boolean onTouchEvent(MotionEvent event) {
    super.onTouchEvent(event);

    switch (event.getAction()) {
        //if Click
        case MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN:

            touchOn = !touchOn;
            invalidate();

            if(toggledListener != null){
                toggledListener.OnToggled(this, touchOn);
            }

            mDownTouch = true;
            return true;

        case MotionEvent.ACTION_UP:
            if (mDownTouch) {
                mDownTouch = false;
                performClick();
                return true;
            }
    }
    return false;
}

@Override
public boolean performClick() {
    super.performClick();
    return true;
}

public void setOnToggledListener(OnToggledListener listener){
    toggledListener = listener;
}

public int get_IdRow() {
    return _IdRow;
}

public int get_IdColumn() {
    return _IdColumn;
}


在此类上,我可以检测到用户何时单击GridLayout项并将其更改为另一种颜色,这没关系。
但是问题出在创建这个的时候:

这是我的MainActivity,在其中显示GridLayout

int numOfCol = mGridLayout.getColumnCount();
    int numOfRow = mGridLayout.getRowCount();
    mRowViews = new RowView[numOfCol*numOfRow];
    for(int yPos=0; yPos<numOfRow; yPos++){
        for(int xPos=0; xPos<numOfCol; xPos++){
            RowView tView = new RowView(this, xPos, yPos);
            tView.setOnToggledListener(this);
            mRowViews[yPos*numOfCol + xPos] = tView;
            mGridLayout.addView(tView);
        }
    }
     mGridLayout.getViewTreeObserver().addOnGlobalLayoutListener(new ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener(){

       @Override
       public void onGlobalLayout() {

        final int MARGIN = 5;

        int pWidth = mGridLayout.getWidth();
        int pHeight = mGridLayout.getHeight();
        int numOfCol = mGridLayout.getColumnCount();
        int numOfRow = mGridLayout.getRowCount();
        int w = pWidth/numOfCol;
        int h = pHeight/numOfRow;

        for(int yPos=0; yPos<numOfRow; yPos++){
         for(int xPos=0; xPos<numOfCol; xPos++){
          GridLayout.LayoutParams params =
           (GridLayout.LayoutParams)mRowViews[yPos*numOfCol + xPos].getLayoutParams();
          params.width = w - 2*MARGIN;
          params.height = h - 2*MARGIN;
          params.setMargins(MARGIN, MARGIN, MARGIN, MARGIN);
          mRowViews[yPos*numOfCol + xPos].setLayoutParams(params);
         }
        }
       }});


还有一种Interface OnToggledListener的方法,当单击某项时,它会向我提供GridLayout的行和列:

@Override
public void OnToggled(MyView v, boolean touchOn) {
//get the id string
 String idString = v.get_IdRow() + ":" + v.get_IdColumn();
}


我想避免创建该mGridLayout.getViewTreeObserver().addOnGlobalLayoutListener(new ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener(),因为它填满了我不想要的屏幕内容...我尝试将GridLayout 6x6和android:layout_height="400dp"放在一起,它只显示3x3,这就是< cc>讯息


  D / android.widget.GridLayout:垂直约束:y6-y0> = 1749,y6-y5 <= 291,y5-y4 <= 291,y4-y3 <= 291,y3-y2 <= 291,y2-y1 < = 291,y1-y0 <= 291不一致;永久删除:y6-y5 <= 291。


我想做类似LogCat的事情来获取背景色然后做一些事情,但是我找不到这种解决方案。

最佳答案

为了简化,您可以实现包装Board和相关逻辑的自定义GridLayout视图。下面我报告一种可能的方法。

期望这里有一个ItemView代表板上的一个单元。

public class Board extends FrameLayout implements View.OnClickListener {

    private GridLayout mGridView;
    private int mRowsCount;
    private int mColsCount;
    private int mCellSpace;
    private OnItemClickListener mOnItemClickListener;

    public Board(Context context) {
        super(context);
        init(context, null);
    }

    // other constructors

    private void init(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        // default values
        mRowsCount = 1;
        mColsCount = 1;
        View layout = inflate(getContext(), R.layout.view_lights_board, null);
        mGridView = (GridLayout) layout.findViewById(R.id.view_grid);
        mGridView.setRowCount(mRowsCount);
        mGridView.setColumnCount(mColsCount);
        mGridView.post(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                int width = getMeasuredWidth() / getColumnsCount();
                int height = getMeasuredHeight() / getRowsCount();
                for (int i = 0; i < getRowsCount(); i++) {
                    for (int j = 0; j < getColumnsCount(); j++) {
                        GridLayout.LayoutParams params = (GridLayout.LayoutParams)
                                getChildAt(i, j).getLayoutParams();
                        params.width = width;
                        params.height = height;
                        getChildAt(i, j).setLayoutParams(params);
                    }
                }
            }
        });
        addView(layout);
    }

    // this method allows to dinamically create grid
    public void buildChildren(int rowsCount, int colsCount) {
        mRowsCount = rowsCount;
        mColsCount = colsCount;
        mGridView.setRowCount(mRowsCount);
        mGridView.setColumnCount(mColsCount);
        buildChildren();
    }

    public void buildChildren() {
        for (int i = 0; i < getRowsCount(); i++) {
            for (int j = 0; j < getColumnsCount(); j++) {
                ItemView view = new ItemView(getContext(), i, j);
                view.setOnClickListener(this);
                mGridView.addView(view);
            }
        }
    }

    public void setOnItemClickListener(OnItemClickListener listener) {
        mOnItemClickListener = listener;
    }

    public ItemView getChildAt(int rowIndex, int columnIndex) {
        int index = (getColumnsCount() * rowIndex) + columnIndex;
        return (ItemView) mGridView.getChildAt(index);
    }

    public boolean isTouchOn(int rowIndex, int columnIndex) {
        return getChildAt(rowIndex, columnIndex).isTouchOn();
    }

    public int getColumnsCount() {
        return mGridView.getColumnCount();
    }

    public int getRowsCount() {
        return mGridView.getRowCount();
    }

    @Override
    public void onClick(View v) {
        if (v instanceof ItemView) {
            ItemView view = (ItemView) v;
            if (mOnItemClickListener != null) {
                mOnItemClickListener.onItemClick(view);
            }
        }
    }

    public interface OnItemClickListener {

        void onItemClick(ItemView view);

    }

}


在您的“活动”布局中,您将具有以下内容(此处我假设您的应用程序包为com.android.example):

<FrameLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content">

    <com.android.example.Board
        android:id="@+id/grid"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="400dp" />

</FrameLayout>


这是活动的可能实现:

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements LightsOutBoard.OnItemClickListener {

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        Board board  = (Board) findViewById(R.id.grid);
        board.setOnItemClickListener(this);

        board.buildChildren(3, 3);
    }

    @Override
    public void onItemClick(ItemView view) {
        String text = view.getRowIndex() + " - " + view.getColumnIndex();
        Toast.makeText(this, text, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
    }

}


希望这会有所帮助。

本文翻译自 https://stackoverflow.com/questions/36063659/

网站遵循 CC BY-SA 4.0 协议,转载或引用请注明出处。

标签 android android-studio grid-layout


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