java - 使用 Ant 运行 JUnit 测试

标签 java testing ant build junit

我正在尝试运行我的 JUnit 测试用例,但我不断收到错误:

Test com.capscan.accentsWorld FAILED

报告已创建,但测试未运行。这是我的 Ant 代码:

<!--this file was created by Eclipse Runnable JAR Export Wizard-->
<!--ANT 1.7 is required                                        -->
<target name="create_run_jar">

    <fail if="testsfailed" message="tests failed" /> 
    <delete dir="outputs/reports" />
    <mkdir dir="outputs/reports" />

    <junit printsummary="on" errorproperty="testsfailed">
        <classpath>
            <pathelement location="${build.com.capscan.accentsWorld}"/>
            <pathelement path="${java.class.path}"/>
        </classpath>

        <formatter type="plain"/>

        <test name="com.capscan.accentsWorld" haltonfailure="no" outfile="result">
            <formatter type="xml"/>
        </test>

        <batchtest fork="yes" todir="src/com/capscan/accentsWorld/" >
            <fileset dir="src/com/capscan/accentsWorld/">
                <include name="**/Test*.java" />
            </fileset>
        </batchtest>
        <formatter type="xml" />
    </junit>

    <junitreport todir="outputs/reports">
        <fileset dir="outputs/reports">
            <include name="TEST-*.xml" />
        </fileset>
        <report todir="outputs/reports" />
    </junitreport>

</target>

这是我的控制台上的输出消息:

Buildfile: C:\Documents and Settings\Ergun Polat\Desktop\Erguns Content\workspace\AccentsWorld\build.xml
create_run_jar:
   [delete] Deleting directory C:\Documents and Settings\Ergun Polat\Desktop\Erguns Content\workspace\AccentsWorld\outputs\reports
    [mkdir] Created dir: C:\Documents and Settings\Ergun Polat\Desktop\Erguns Content\workspace\AccentsWorld\outputs\reports
    [junit] Running com.capscan.accentsWorld
    [junit] Tests run: 1, Failures: 0, Errors: 1, Time elapsed: 0 sec
    [junit] Test com.capscan.accentsWorld FAILED
[junitreport] Processing C:\Documents and Settings\Ergun Polat\Desktop\Erguns Content\workspace\AccentsWorld\outputs\reports\TESTS-TestSuites.xml to C:\DOCUME~1\ERGUNP~1\LOCALS~1\Temp\null1982495120
[junitreport] Loading stylesheet jar:file:/C:/ant/lib/ant-junit.jar!/org/apache/tools/ant/taskdefs/optional/junit/xsl/junit-frames.xsl
[junitreport] Transform time: 1047ms
[junitreport] Deleting: C:\DOCUME~1\ERGUNP~1\LOCALS~1\Temp\null1982495120
BUILD SUCCESSFUL
Total time: 2 seconds

最佳答案

我没有看到任何<javac>编译测试的任务。您不需要先这样做吗?

我不知道你怎么想java.class.path来自,但我会在 Ant build.xml 中明确设置它

这是我使用的通用 build.xml,包括测试任务。看看它是否可以帮助您:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project name="xslt-converter" basedir="." default="package">

    <property name="version" value="1.6"/>
    <property name="haltonfailure" value="no"/>

    <property name="out" value="out"/>

    <property name="production.src" value="src"/>
    <property name="production.lib" value="lib"/>
    <property name="production.resources" value="config"/>
    <property name="production.classes" value="${out}/production/${ant.project.name}"/>

    <property name="test.src" value="test"/>
    <property name="test.lib" value="lib"/>
    <property name="test.resources" value="config"/>
    <property name="test.classes" value="${out}/test/${ant.project.name}"/>

    <property name="exploded" value="out/exploded/${ant.project.name}"/>
    <property name="exploded.classes" value="${exploded}/WEB-INF/classes"/>
    <property name="exploded.lib" value="${exploded}/WEB-INF/lib"/>

    <property name="reports.out" value="${out}/reports"/>
    <property name="junit.out" value="${reports.out}/junit"/>
    <property name="testng.out" value="${reports.out}/testng"/>

    <path id="production.class.path">
        <pathelement location="${production.classes}"/>
        <pathelement location="${production.resources}"/>
        <fileset dir="${production.lib}">
            <include name="**/*.jar"/>
            <exclude name="**/junit*.jar"/>
            <exclude name="**/*test*.jar"/>
        </fileset>
    </path>

    <path id="test.class.path">                            
        <path refid="production.class.path"/>
        <pathelement location="${test.classes}"/>
        <pathelement location="${test.resources}"/>
        <fileset dir="${test.lib}">
            <include name="**/junit*.jar"/>
            <include name="**/*test*.jar"/>
        </fileset>
    </path>

    <path id="testng.class.path">
        <fileset dir="${test.lib}">
            <include name="**/testng*.jar"/>
        </fileset>
    </path>

    <available file="${out}" property="outputExists"/>

    <target name="clean" description="remove all generated artifacts" if="outputExists">
        <delete dir="${out}" includeEmptyDirs="true"/>
        <delete dir="${reports.out}" includeEmptyDirs="true"/>
    </target>

    <target name="create" description="create the output directories" unless="outputExists">
        <mkdir dir="${production.classes}"/>
        <mkdir dir="${test.classes}"/>
        <mkdir dir="${reports.out}"/>
        <mkdir dir="${junit.out}"/>
        <mkdir dir="${testng.out}"/>
        <mkdir dir="${exploded.classes}"/>
        <mkdir dir="${exploded.lib}"/>
    </target>

    <target name="compile" description="compile all .java source files" depends="create">
        <!-- Debug output
                <property name="production.class.path" refid="production.class.path"/>
                <echo message="${production.class.path}"/>
        -->
        <javac srcdir="src" destdir="${out}/production/${ant.project.name}" debug="on" source="${version}">
            <classpath refid="production.class.path"/>
            <include name="**/*.java"/>
            <exclude name="**/*Test.java"/>
        </javac>
        <javac srcdir="${test.src}" destdir="${out}/test/${ant.project.name}" debug="on" source="${version}">
            <classpath refid="test.class.path"/>
            <include name="**/*Test.java"/>
        </javac>
    </target>

    <target name="junit-test" description="run all junit tests" depends="compile">
        <!-- Debug output
                <property name="test.class.path" refid="test.class.path"/>
                <echo message="${test.class.path}"/>
        -->
        <junit printsummary="yes" haltonfailure="${haltonfailure}">
            <classpath refid="test.class.path"/>
            <formatter type="xml"/>
            <batchtest fork="yes" todir="${junit.out}">
                <fileset dir="${test.src}">
                    <include name="**/*Test.java"/>
                </fileset>
            </batchtest>
        </junit>
        <junitreport todir="${junit.out}">
            <fileset dir="${junit.out}">
                <include name="TEST-*.xml"/>
            </fileset>
            <report todir="${junit.out}" format="frames"/>
        </junitreport>
    </target>

    <taskdef resource="testngtasks" classpathref="testng.class.path"/>
    <target name="testng-test" description="run all testng tests" depends="compile">
        <!-- Debug output
                <property name="test.class.path" refid="test.class.path"/>
                <echo message="${test.class.path}"/>
        -->
        <testng classpathref="test.class.path" outputDir="${testng.out}" haltOnFailure="${haltonfailure}" verbose="2" parallel="methods" threadcount="50">
            <classfileset dir="${out}/test/${ant.project.name}" includes="**/*.class"/>
        </testng>
    </target>

    <target name="exploded" description="create exploded deployment" depends="testng-test">
        <copy todir="${exploded.classes}">
            <fileset dir="${production.classes}"/>
        </copy>
        <copy todir="${exploded.lib}">
            <fileset dir="${production.lib}"/>
        </copy>
    </target>

    <target name="package" description="create package file" depends="exploded">
        <jar destfile="${out}/${ant.project.name}.jar" basedir="${production.classes}" includes="**/*.class"/>
    </target>

</project>

关于java - 使用 Ant 运行 JUnit 测试,我们在Stack Overflow上找到一个类似的问题: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/4518677/

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