c# - 客户端发送 SOAP 请求并接收响应

标签 c# soap webservice-client

尝试创建一个 C# 客户端(将开发为 Windows 服务),将 SOAP 请求发送到 Web 服务(并获取结果)。

从这里question我看到了这段代码:

protected virtual WebRequest CreateRequest(ISoapMessage soapMessage)
{
    var wr = WebRequest.Create(soapMessage.Uri);
    wr.ContentType = "text/xml;charset=utf-8";
    wr.ContentLength = soapMessage.ContentXml.Length;

    wr.Headers.Add("SOAPAction", soapMessage.SoapAction);
    wr.Credentials = soapMessage.Credentials;
    wr.Method = "POST";
    wr.GetRequestStream().Write(Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(soapMessage.ContentXml), 0, soapMessage.ContentXml.Length);

    return wr;
}

public interface ISoapMessage
{
    string Uri { get; }
    string ContentXml { get; }
    string SoapAction { get; }
    ICredentials Credentials { get; }
}

看起来不错,有人知道如何使用它以及它是否是最佳实践?

最佳答案

我通常用另一种方式来做同样的事情

using System.Xml;
using System.Net;
using System.IO;

public static void CallWebService()
{
    var _url = "http://xxxxxxxxx/Service1.asmx";
    var _action = "http://xxxxxxxx/Service1.asmx?op=HelloWorld";

    XmlDocument soapEnvelopeXml = CreateSoapEnvelope();
    HttpWebRequest webRequest = CreateWebRequest(_url, _action);
    InsertSoapEnvelopeIntoWebRequest(soapEnvelopeXml, webRequest);

    // begin async call to web request.
    IAsyncResult asyncResult = webRequest.BeginGetResponse(null, null);

    // suspend this thread until call is complete. You might want to
    // do something usefull here like update your UI.
    asyncResult.AsyncWaitHandle.WaitOne();

    // get the response from the completed web request.
    string soapResult;
    using (WebResponse webResponse = webRequest.EndGetResponse(asyncResult))
    {
        using (StreamReader rd = new StreamReader(webResponse.GetResponseStream()))
        {
            soapResult = rd.ReadToEnd();
        }
        Console.Write(soapResult);        
    }
}

private static HttpWebRequest CreateWebRequest(string url, string action)
{
    HttpWebRequest webRequest = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(url);
    webRequest.Headers.Add("SOAPAction", action);
    webRequest.ContentType = "text/xml;charset=\"utf-8\"";
    webRequest.Accept = "text/xml";
    webRequest.Method = "POST";
    return webRequest;
}

private static XmlDocument CreateSoapEnvelope()
{
    XmlDocument soapEnvelopeDocument = new XmlDocument();
    soapEnvelopeDocument.LoadXml(
    @"<SOAP-ENV:Envelope xmlns:SOAP-ENV=""http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"" 
               xmlns:xsi=""http://www.w3.org/1999/XMLSchema-instance"" 
               xmlns:xsd=""http://www.w3.org/1999/XMLSchema"">
        <SOAP-ENV:Body>
            <HelloWorld xmlns=""http://tempuri.org/"" 
                SOAP-ENV:encodingStyle=""http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/"">
                <int1 xsi:type=""xsd:integer"">12</int1>
                <int2 xsi:type=""xsd:integer"">32</int2>
            </HelloWorld>
        </SOAP-ENV:Body>
    </SOAP-ENV:Envelope>");
    return soapEnvelopeDocument;
}

private static void InsertSoapEnvelopeIntoWebRequest(XmlDocument soapEnvelopeXml, HttpWebRequest webRequest)
{
    using (Stream stream = webRequest.GetRequestStream())
    {
        soapEnvelopeXml.Save(stream);
    }
}

关于c# - 客户端发送 SOAP 请求并接收响应,我们在Stack Overflow上找到一个类似的问题: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/4791794/

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