pointers - atomic.AddInt64 导致无效的内存地址或零指针取消引用

标签 pointers go memory-management atomic

在结构的字段上调用 ​​atomic.AddInt64 会导致无效内存地址或 nil 指针取消引用,但当我们重新排列字段顺序时不会;为什么?

使用这种类型:

type CountHandler struct {
    c     *RequestContext
    count int64
}

并调用 atomic.AddInt64(&countHandler.count, 1)(此时字段 c 为 nil)会引起 panic 。但当我们将其重写为:

type CountHandler struct {
    count int64
    c     *RequestContext
}

错误消失了。

我猜应该是这样,因为 Go 以顺序方式将数据保存在内存中,并且达到 nil 值会破坏此序列(字节);但我想知道为什么又是这样,因为指针应该具有固定大小的 nil 或其他值。

这是 Windows 上的 Go x86 1.4.2 & 完整的错误信息是:

2015/02/23 12:56:44 http: panic serving [::1]:51886: runtime error: invalid memory address or nil pointer dereference
goroutine 5 [running]:
net/http.func·011()
        c:/go/src/net/http/server.go:1130 +0xa8
sync/atomic.AddUint64(0x731144, 0x1, 0x0, 0x0, 0x263168)
        c:/go/src/sync/atomic/asm_386.s:118 +0xc
main.(*CountHandler).ServeHTTP(0x731140, 0x263180, 0x122f6380, 0x122f62a0)
        C:/Workshop/Devox/Workshop-Go/src/geoho/web/app/app.go:62 +0x42
github.com/julienschmidt/httprouter.func·001(0x263180, 0x122f6380, 0x122f62a0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0)
        C:/Workshop/Devox/Workshop-Go/src/github.com/julienschmidt/httprouter/router.go:232 +0x4c
github.com/julienschmidt/httprouter.(*Router).ServeHTTP(0x122d5d20, 0x263180, 0x122f6380, 0x122f62a0)
        C:/Workshop/Devox/Workshop-Go/src/github.com/julienschmidt/httprouter/router.go:298 +0x141
net/http.serverHandler.ServeHTTP(0x122d2280, 0x263180, 0x122f6380, 0x122f62a0)
        c:/go/src/net/http/server.go:1703 +0x145
net/http.(*conn).serve(0x122e01e0)
        c:/go/src/net/http/server.go:1204 +0x9d8
created by net/http.(*Server).Serve
        c:/go/src/net/http/server.go:1751 +0x2ce

整个源码是(这段代码是错误的,我只是研究alice):

package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "github.com/julienschmidt/httprouter"
    "github.com/justinas/alice"
    "net/http"

    "os"
    "sync/atomic"
)

// play with alice
func main() {
    c1 := alice.New(Counter, Texter).Then(nil)

    router := httprouter.New()
    router.Handler("GET", "/", c1)
    router.GET("/kill", kill)

    http.ListenAndServe(":27007", router)
}

func kill(rw http.ResponseWriter, rq *http.Request, pl httprouter.Params) {
    os.Exit(0)
}

var ch CountHandler

// constructors:

func Counter(h http.Handler) http.Handler {
    return &ch
}

func Texter(h http.Handler) http.Handler {
    var t TextHandler
    switch x := h.(type) {
    case *CountHandler:
        t.c = x.c
        t.text = fmt.Sprintf("called so far %d", atomic.LoadInt64(&x.count))
    }
    return &t
}

// handlers:

type RequestContext struct {
    val int
}

type CountHandler struct {
    c     *RequestContext
    count int64
}

func (c *CountHandler) ServeHTTP(rw http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
    atomic.AddInt64(&c.count, 1)
}

type TextHandler struct {
    c    *RequestContext
    text string
}

func (t *TextHandler) ServeHTTP(rw http.ResponseWriter, req *http.Request) {
    rw.Write([]byte(t.text))
}

最佳答案

在第一种情况下,错误是由原子更新字段未正确引起的 aligned .

On both ARM and x86-32, it is the caller's responsibility to arrange for 64-bit alignment of 64-bit words accessed atomically. The first word in a global variable or in an allocated struct or slice can be relied upon to be 64-bit aligned.

关于pointers - atomic.AddInt64 导致无效的内存地址或零指针取消引用,我们在Stack Overflow上找到一个类似的问题: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/28670232/

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